On October 1, 1988, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP).
The VICP was established to maintain an accessible and efficient way for individuals found to be injured by certain vaccines to be compensated.
The VICP is “no-fault” and provides compensation to people found to be injured by certain vaccines.
The U. S. Court of Federal Claims decides who will be paid. Three Federal government offices have a role in the VICP:
• the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS);
• the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); and
• the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (the Court).